The original church was founded, it is said, in the early 7th Century by the Badoer family and dedicated to Saint Anthony Abbot. The pig being the emblem of this saint, the monks at the attached monastery kept a herd of pigs that were allowed to wander so unchecked that a sumptuary edict was passed in 1409 to limit their unruly rootlings. The first certain documentation dates to 1147. The church was rebuilt from 1668 (reconsecrated 1680) to a design possibly by Longhena, although his façade was never completed. Deconsecrated and closed in 1982.